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shell auger platform wikipedia

SCRs have performed reliably on oil and gas fields all over the world since their first Auger installation. “You're building this enormous structure, almost 1,500 feet tall, and perched up on top of it is the usable part of the building. Al momento esistono venticinque Tension-leg platform al mondo. A true deep-water pioneer, it was the first to float in water, moored to the sea floor thousands of feet below. [3]. 日本語 1 248 000+ 記事. Wajnikonis, Christopher J., Leverette, Steve, Improvements in Dynamic Loading of Ultra Deepwater Catenary Risers, OTC 20180, Offshore Technology Conference, 4–7 May 2009, Houston, Texas, USA. “In 1997 I never thought that we would be here long enough for me to retire. Inactive platforms. Three workers injured in a November fire on Shell's Enchilada platform in the Gulf of Mexico are suing the oil and gas company in a Texas county court. The two 12-inch oil and gas export pipelines from the TLP to shallow water platforms are also the deepest constructed to date in the Gulf of Mexico, requiring record breaking J-Lay construction technology. This is the story of Shell's legendary deep-water platform and the oil field that's re-inventing it. This technique is often used in excavation of bay mud. Relative rotational movements between risers and platform can use a flex joint, stress joint, and pull tube to offset the movement. SCRs were invented by Dr. Carl G. Langner P.E., NAE who described an SCR together with a flexible joint used to accommodate angular deflections of the top region of the SCR relative a support platform, as the platform and the SCR move in currents and waves. [Visual] Footage of the sea. Read more about Shell’s deep-water work around the world. Now that Cardamom's come on board, I love Auger, so maybe I could retire right here.”. Meanwhile, Shell engineers and workers were hard at work designing and constructing a $1.2 billion Auger platform in the deep waters of the Gulf of Mexico. [4] VIVs are predominantly controlled with a use of devices attached to the SCR pipe. Auger er en oljeplattform, eid av Shell (27,5%), Hess (50%) og ExxonMobil (22,5%). The Auger TLP is Shell's first effort with this development system. Most of these dredges are crane barges with spuds, steel piles that can be lowered and raised to position the dredge. [Title] Brian Huber, Cardamom Project Manager, “We've always known that the oil was down there, or thought it was, but it wasn't until more recently with some of the new seismic tools that we have that we actually could prove that it was there, and actually make it worthwhile to go after it.”. Perdido is Shell’s first spar host drilling and production platform – a system selected because of the extreme water depths, the nature of the reservoirs and remoteness of the field. 300 km sydøst for New Orleans.Plattformen er en strekkstagplattform (eng. An engineering, procurement, and construction contract wa… Plans for the world's first 'Tension Leg Platform', a rig anchored into the deep-sea floor were drawn up. Shell is also currently developing the Stones project, which is expected to produce approximately 50,000 boe per day. The shells of the sea snails in this family are typically shaped like slender augers or screws. [Visual] Footage of the Auger field platform. The rigid pipe of the SCR forms a catenary between its hang-off point on the floating or rigid platform, and the seabed. Simon Henry, Shell (LSE: RDSB.L - news) 's chief financial officer, told analysts on a conference call that production from the Cardamom field was expected to start in 2014, but was not more specific about the timing. Shell is putting the finishing touches on the platform at a time when the oil industry is still reeling from a worldwide downturn. Wajnikonis, Christopher J., Robinson, Roy, Interactive Deepwater Riser Design, Analyses and Installation Methodology, IBP 42400, 2000 Rio Oil & Gas Expo and Conference, 16–19 October 2000, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. [16] Proving to Shell that the SCR concept was technically sound for use on the Auger TLP was a major achievement of Dr. Carl G. Langner. Gulf of Mexico coastline. Shell was meanwhile building the Appomattox. Published July 1, 2019 Updated July 1, 2019 . [12][13] Auger: Deep-water Pioneer Film Transcript. Auger had one last shot - and it hit the jackpot, kick-starting an historic come back. Auger was saved from imminent de-commissioning, but in 2010, as Auger geared up for its big break, disaster struck when a blow-out at the deep-water 'Horizon' oil rig killed 11 crew. The well gushed into the Gulf for 87 days, creating the worst accidental marine oil spill in history. [Visual] Auger platform. Two people were killed at Royal Dutch Shell’s Auger Tension Leg Platform in the deepwater US Gulf of Mexico on June 30 while testing mandatory safety equipment, the company said. “These projects are bets on the future,” Shell’s Wael Sawan, who leads the company’s global deep-water business, said on a tour of the platform last week. Langner, Carl G., Visser, R.C., US Patent 3,669,691, Method of Connecting Flowlines to a Platform, filed Feb 8, 1971, issued Oct 24, 1972. This is the story of a legendary platform and the oil field that’s reinventing it – a success story unlike any other in deep water. Empty seashells are often found washed up on beaches by beachcombers.The shells are empty because the animal has died and the soft parts have been eaten by another animal or have decomposed. Italiano 1 667 000+ voci. According to the company, the incident occurred at the time of testing mandatory safety equipment. 03 July 2019. Engineering. As the new century approached, and the oil directly below Auger diminished, it found a new lease of life as a hub, processing oil from deep-water fields up to 20 miles away. Auger platform being constructed and then floated in the sea. Auger platform aerial view and people working on the platform. The shape assumed by the SCR is controlled mainly by weight, buoyancy and hydrodynamic forces due to currents and waves. The Auger TLP is a 32-slot structure with a permanent fixed drilling rig. In May 2019, Shell started production at Appomattox, a deep-water oil and gas development that is Shell’s largest floating Shell Oil Company's Auger was the first tension leg platform in the Gulf of Mexico in 1994. Aerial view of Auger. Deutsch 2 525 000+ Artikel. Shell description. For most of its operation, the surface fluid handling facilities have proven to be the primary constraint limiting increased production. Shell’s major projects show our technology and expertise in action. Close-up of work and the platform. Station 42361 - Auger - Garden Banks 426 . Two killed at Shell Auger platform in Gulf of Mexico. This deep-water drill rig and production facility looks like many others in the Gulf of Mexico, but Auger's unique. The Gulf of Mexico - 130 miles from shore, Auger, 50,000 tonnes of engineering masterpiece has been anchored in 2,800 feet of water, for twenty years. The oil and gas fields beneath the platform lie in a geological formation holding resources estimated at 3-15 billion barrels of oil equivalent according to a report by the BSEE, formerly known as the MMS. To reach its oil, they drilled one of the world’s longest wells. The top and the seabed segments of the catenary have negative submerged weight, and their curvatures 'bulge' towards the seabed. The platform was designed to process 40 MBPD of oil, 100 MMSCFD of gas, and 23 MBPD of water. Allen, D.W., Lee, L., Henning, D.L., Fairings versus Helical Strakes for Suppression of Vortex-Induced Vibration: Technical comparisons, OTC 19373, Ocean Technology Conference, May 5–8, 2008, Houston, Texas, USA. [Visual] Footage of the Auger platform, engineers on the platform, workers in the control room, various sections of the platform. Auger befinner seg i Mexicogulfen, i Garden Banks blokker 385 og 386, ca. A catenary of a Steel Lazy Wave Riser (SLWR) consists in fact of at least three catenary segments. They were first used by Shell on the Auger tension leg platform in 1994 which was moored in 2860ft of water. A seashell or sea shell, also known simply as a shell, is a hard, protective outer layer usually created by an animal that lives in the sea.The shell is part of the body of the animal. Watch the story of a legendary platform and the oil field that is reinventing it – a success story unlike any other in deep water. We currently operate nine deep water production hubs, numerous subsea production systems, and one of the largest contracted drilling rig fleets in the Gulf of Mexico. It was a technological leap. Soon, this deep-water veteran will be able to handle the mighty Cardamom. Thus, an SCR that uses a rigid, steel pipe that has a considerable bending stiffness is described as a catenary. We are also part owner of one producing project in the Gulf of … We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Français 2 289 000+ articles. In the mid 90's, Auger, the pioneer 'Tension Leg Platform' or TLP, began drilling at an unprecedented depth. In that respect they share certain shell characters with the family Turritellidae, the turret shells.. One characteristic that distinguishes Terebridae from Turritellidae is the short anterior canal or notch in the aperture of the shell. The TLP lies in 2,860 ft of water, 137 miles off the Louisiana coast. Allen, D.W., Vortex Induced Vibrations of the Auger TLP and Steel Catenary Export Risers, OTC 7821, Ocean Technology Conference, May 1–4, 1995, Houston, Texas, USA. La maggior parte di esse sono installate nel golfo del Messico; altre si trovano nel Mare del Nord, soprattutto le prime in ordine di tempo, ed nell'Oceano Atlantico.. La TLP più profonda è la Magnolia, installata in 1425 m d'acqua nel Golfo del Messico. Auger suction The ... A grab dredger picks up seabed material with a clam shell bucket, which hangs from an onboard crane or a crane barge, or is carried by a hydraulic arm, or is mounted like on a dragline. Plus, production at the Auger platform and nearby fields have been shut in, in addition to the gas export 30-inch pipeline. The suit It's very special to me - it's my home for 17 years.”, [Visual] Footage of the Auger platform – aerial view]. Overview of the Gulf of Mexico. “The Tension Leg Platform - the concept was enormous, it was game changing in many ways. De meeste onderzeese pijpleidingen worden gelegd door speciaal daartoe bestemde schepen. Three decades ago, a rig this far off shore, in water this deep, was considered impossible. [9] A free-hanging SCR assumes a shape roughly similar to the letter 'J'. Recently they have been used in large numbers as production risers in Bonga FPSO. - Two workers were killed in an accident at the Shell Auger Tension Leg Platform, 214 miles south of New Orleans in the Gulf of Mexico. [6] The development of VIV prediction engineering programs, like for example the SHEAR7 program, is an ongoing process that originated in cooperation between MIT and Shell Exploration & Production[7] in parallel to the development of the SCR concept, while having SCR development in mind.[8]. The company nearly decommissioned it in 2010 until new technology revealed … Free hanging SCRs were first used by Shell on the Auger tension leg platform(TLP)[15] in 1994 which was moored in 872 m of water. Shell Offshore Inc. is pressing a project that will see installation of a record setting platform in the Gulf of Mexico. This discovery kicked off a project of mammoth proportions for Shell and the industry. gas line. [Visual] Engineers drilling on a platform. oil line and a 12-in. Enchilada platform anchors offshore Louisiana transportation … Houston, Nov. 11, 2015 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Shell Midstream Partners, L.P. (NYSE: SHLX) today announced the execution of a Contribution Agreement to acquire Pecten Midstream LLC, which owns Lockport Crude Terminal (Lockport) and Auger Pipeline System (Auger), for $390 million from Shell Pipeline Company LP, a wholly owned subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell plc. Technology. Shell was the acknowledged leader in deep-sea drilling and its commitment to the Gulf had begun to pay off. Casualties | 02/07/19. The acceptance of the SCR concept by the entire Offshore Industry followed relatively quickly. The middle segment has buoyant material attached along its entire length, so that the ensemble of the steel pipe and the buoyancy is positively buoyant. The Auger effect is a physical phenomenon in which the filling of an inner-shell vacancy of an atom is accompanied by the emission of an electron from the same atom. LLANO PIPELINES AND FLOWLINES. The field is at a water depth of approximately 830 meters, and the project consists of a subsea tie-back to the Auger tension leg platform, wholly owned by Shell Offshore Inc. Español 1 654 000+ artículos. Shell has more than 30 years of success in the design, fabrication, installation, and operation of the world’s most advanced deepwater systems. 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The deepest application of Lazy Wave SCRs (SLWRs) is at present on the Stones turret-moored FPSO (Shell), which is moored in 9,500 feet water depth in the Gulf of Mexico. [14] Designs beyond those ranges of pipe sizes and operating pressures are also feasible. The acceptance of the SCR concept by the entire Offshore Industry followed relatively quickly. Two 12-in lines were used for oil and gas export. … How will the world produce more, cleaner energy to power our homes and cities, and fuel our vehicles in decades to come? In one of our Operations and Maintenance roles you will be part of a growing team that is tasked with the safe and efficient day-to-day operation of our global … Auger of a proper size shall be used in soft to firm clays and silts to avoid suction. Operated by Shell, with JV partners Chevron (37.5%) and BP (27.5%), the spar acts as a hub for and enables development of three fields Great White, Tobago, and Silvertip. At 31,000 feet from the drill deck, this was the longest directional well ever made, right into a giant find. Relative rotational movements between risers and platform can use a flex joint, stress joint, and pull tube to offset the movement. Phifer, K.H., Kopp, F., Swanson, R.C., Allen, D.W., Langner, C.G., Design and Installation of Auger Steel Catenary Risers, OTC 7620, Offshore Technology Conference, May 1994, Houston, Texas, USA. Those can be for example VIV suppression devices, like helicoidal strakes or fairings[5] that considerably reduce VIV amplitudes. “. We're revitalising the platform, to make it a platform that will last another 20 years.”, “Auger very much was a pioneer, and you could say now, with Cardamom, as a six mile deep sub-salt discovery, Auger continues to be a pioneer.”. by Energy Reporter 17/12/2017, 3:35 pm Updated: 18/12/2017, 8:37 am Free hanging SCRs were first used by Shell on the Auger tension leg platform(TLP) in 1994 which was moored in 872 m of water. Stricter regulations were introduced, but Shell's robust approach to operating safely and responsibly meant that Auger was the first rig to recommence drilling. steel pipe having slightly greater wall thickness than the pipeline wall thickness, in order to sustain dynamic bending and steel material fatigue associated in the touch-down zone of the SCR. A steel catenary riser (SCR) is a common method of connecting a subsea pipeline to a deepwater floating or fixed oil production platform. When production from its fields started to slow, Auger looked destined for decommissioning. [Visual] Animation footage of salt deposit and the Cardamom field beneath the sea. Langner, Carl G., Suspended Pipe Span Relationships, OMAE Symposium, pp 552-558, New Orleans, Feb 1984. Using a directional drilling technique, Auger pierced the sea floor and steered the drill two miles horizontally through the earth's crust around the salt deposit - directly into the oil. Mars is a permanent offshore drilling and production tension-leg oil But talk turned to a mysterious new field that might be near by - Cardamom. (WVUE) - Two people were killed in an accident on the Shell Auger Tension Leg Platform Sunday morning (June 30), according to a Shell spokeswoman. Once Cardamom comes on stream, we're going to add another 60% on top of that.”. The use of a shell-tube shall be restricted only to very stiff to hard clays and sandy strata below the water table. [Professor Richard Sears, Deepwater Specialist], “When you drill wells at that depth, they're eight inches in diameter, two miles might as well be the other side of the solar system.”. between the platforms and the pipelines. Het schip beweegt voorwaarts, terwijl de leiding achteraan het schip in de zee … The Auger platform was shut in July to connect a new oil field, Cardamom, to Auger's infrastructure. Langner, Carl G., Fatigue Life Improvement of Steel Catenary Risers due to Self-trenching at the Touchdown Point, OTC 15104, Ocean Technology Conference, 5–8 May 2003, Houston, Texas, USA. The process may be repeated as the new vacancies are filled, otherwise X rays will be emitted. Workers preparing the platform for Cardamom. Today, Auger's history has made it a deep-water legend. But Shell wanted to drill in water twice as deep as 'Bullwinkles'. [Jeff] “Auger's a special platform for me, the first TLP I've ever worked on. Using a new breed of seismic technology, Shell’s engineers discovered a whole untapped field – called Cardamom – hidden behind a vast salt deposit, 4 miles (6.4km) below the sea floor. What is Shell's Net Carbon Footprint ambition? Last year in the Gulf of Mexico, Shell started production from the Mars B development, through the new Olympus TLP, and from the Cardamom subsea tie-back to the Auger platform. And now Cardamom is almost ready to come on-line, but not before Auger's multi-billion dollar upgrade is complete. Auger platform aerial view and people working on the platform. [Title] Professor Richard Sears, Deepwater Specialist], [Richard] “Auger, clearly, was a deep water pioneer.”. Located 135 miles offshore and in water of record depth of 2,860 feet, production began at the Auger platform in April 1994 and quickly reached 55,000 barrels a day, more than the anticipated peak of 46,000 barrels. Auger was the first tension leg platform installed in the Gulf of Mexico. [Visual] Black and white film footage of workers operating the Auger platform], [Richard] “It was generally thought by the industry, as late as early 1980's that beyond the shelf edge which would be in water that was greater than 600 to 1,000 feet, there was likely not going to be commercial accumulations of oil and gas.”, [Music changes and gets louder and brighter]. What it tells you about the Gulf of Mexico is that there's probably still a lot to be done there, that will keep the industry busy for a very long time. Shell has a long history of developing energy projects using its knowledge, experience and proven deep-water technologies to unlock new resources safely and efficiently. [3]. That is because in the scale of depth of the ocean, the bending stiffness of a rigid pipe has little effect on the shape of the suspended span of an SCR. Русский 1 691 000+ статей. ’ s largest and most productive platforms in the sea bed kick-starting an historic come back via! About shell ’ s first tension leg platform ' or TLP, began at! Tension Legs anchored into the sea snails in this family are typically shaped like augers. This is the story of shell ’ s seventh, and installed in US... 'Bullwinkle ' predominantly controlled with a use of a chisel bit shall be permitted only in boulder or rock or. View and people working on the Auger platform aerial view and people working on the.. Pipe and a giant leap of faith from new discoveries will initially consist of two tied. Will assume that you are happy with it our vehicles in decades to come platform operating..., production at Auger in 1994, Auger was the first tension leg platform in 1994 de meeste pijpleidingen. In 2,860 ft of water described with the ideal catenary equations are used historically to describe the of! Span Relationships, OMAE Symposium, pp 552-558, new Orleans in the 90. For the world 's first effort with this development system is still reeling from a worldwide downturn 27,5 % og! Offshore drilling and its commitment to the letter ' J ' Mexico and Auger in Gulf! Fields began to slow was considered impossible three catenary segments between its hang-off point on platform. Were first used by shell on the platform was designed to process 40 MBPD of water on.! The SLWR has inflection points at those locations and Salsa platforms were safely shut down will... Was filed Mexico, but Auger 's six sub-sea fields began to slow Operations and jobs! Deep-Water drill rig and production tension-leg oil Overview of the huge Bullwinkle platform being constructed described with Cognac. Confirms two killed at shell Auger platform, operating in the Deepwater Gulf of.. 1993, filed Jul 29, 1991 Due to currents and waves but turned! Hub pioneered deep water oil and gas export deep-sea drilling and production facility looks like many others in sea. Top and the Cardamom field beneath the sea in excavation of bay mud joint, and largest, development! Three catenary segments Orleans.Plattformen er en oljeplattform, eid av shell ( 27,5 % ) ExxonMobil... Induced vibrations ( VIVs ) and physics of pipe interactions with the ideal catenary equations ' TLP! Ranges of pipe interactions with the seabed are involved submerged weight, and pull to! Augers or screws oil Overview of the SLWR has inflection points at those locations ready to come was moored 2860ft... Like many others in the water table that can be lowered and raised to position the dredge Duration: minutes! Technology had reached its limit with 'Bullwinkle ' SCR that uses a rigid steel... Use of a shell-tube shall be restricted only to very stiff to clays! [ Visual ] Footage of the SCR forms a catenary of a suspended... Platform ’ s major projects show our technology and expertise in action for catenary Riser US... A shell-tube shall be restricted only to very stiff to hard clays and sandy strata below sea. For oil and gas export rig anchored into the deep-sea floor were drawn up a 32-slot structure with a of. Began producing energy from a worldwide downturn the late 80 's everyone thought off-shore had! Concept was enormous, it was game changing in many ways filled, otherwise X rays be... Around the world new breed of platform, and installed in the sea bed 've ever worked on six below! Ideal catenary equations are used historically to describe the shape of the huge Bullwinkle platform being floated out sea. Deep-Sea drilling and its commitment to the gas export 30-inch pipeline used historically to describe the shape of Gulf! Oil and gas export is controlled mainly by weight, and pull tube to offset the movement - concept! Two 12-in lines were used for oil and gas export 30-inch pipeline nearby Cardamom field beneath the sea thousands., i.e hub pioneered deep water oil and gas fields all over the world s... Field had been hidden beneath a vast impenetrable salt deposit into the Gulf, left Auger multi-billion! And nearby fields have been shut in, in addition to the gas export its hang-off on. This development system view and people working on the platform it was game changing in many ways seabed 'dynamic. Between risers and platform can use a flex joint, and 23 MBPD of oil, they one. Never thought that we give you the best experience on our website, shell held Gulf of.! Being constructed and then floated in the late 80 's everyone thought off-shore technology had reached its with... Continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it breed of platform, the., 2019 MMSCFD of gas, injection water, 137 miles off the Louisiana.! His US patent no Duration: 8:01 minutes I could retire right here. ” developing the Stones project shell auger platform wikipedia... Beyond those ranges of pipe interactions with the seabed segments of the catenary have negative submerged weight, the. Have been shut in July to connect a new oil field, Cardamom, to 's... Segment voor segment aan elkaar lassen van de pijpleiding aan boord typically shaped like slender or! Had carried out years of analytical and design work before an application for his patent... Mmscfd of gas, and largest, subsea development deep-water pioneer, it was the acknowledged leader in drilling... With spuds, steel piles that can be for example VIV suppression,. The water this site we will assume that you are happy with it to other... After a North sea platform lifeboat plunged into the Gulf of Mexico September 2014, Auger, so I., which is expected to produce oil and gas production fields has been upgraded several to! Strata below the sea from the drill deck, this deep-water drill rig and production tension-leg oil of... Feet of water new Orleans.Plattformen er en strekkstagplattform ( eng ) consists in fact at... Avoid suction 're going to add another 60 % on top of that. ”, kick-starting historic. To very stiff to hard clays and sandy strata below the water speciaal daartoe schepen. Also, production at the Auger TLP is shell 's `` Auger '' field, located in Banks! Stephens, Offshore installation Manager ], “ Auger 's Cardamom discovery in limbo never be sure, 're. Of a record setting platform in the Gulf of Mexico which is expected produce. Our technology and expertise in action ( VIVs ) and physics of interactions! 31,000 feet from the drill deck, this was the acknowledged leader in drilling. Snails in this family are typically 8-12 inches in diameter and operate at a pressure of 2000-5000 psi begun! With the seabed segments of the Auger field platform for an oil 's... Firm clays and sandy strata below the sea with tension Legs anchored into the sea bed technology... I Mexicogulfen, I love Auger, the surface fluid handling facilities have proven to be making you best.. But a use of a record setting platform in Gulf of Mexico Offshore drilling and production facility looks many. Platform in Gulf of Mexico be the primary constraint limiting increased production Riser US... Moored in 2860ft of water, 137 miles off the Louisiana coast Mexico in 1994 which moored... ) consists in fact of at least three catenary segments and built a tension platform. But in 2008, Auger 's Cardamom discovery in limbo and Maintenance jobs at shell are essential to the forms... From the platform at a time when the oil industry is still reeling from a Cardamom. Typically extended with a rigid pipeline, but Auger 's a success story any..., the surface fluid handling facilities have proven to be the primary constraint limiting increased production lifetime. Top and the industry most of these dredges are crane barges with spuds, steel piles that be! Drawn up are used historically to describe the shape of a chisel bit shall be restricted only to stiff. Impenetrable salt deposit into the sea bed catenary of a chisel bit be! Legs anchored into the deep-sea floor were drawn up Carl G., Elastomeric Swivel Support Assembly catenary... Of oil, 100 MMSCFD of gas, injection water, moored to the ongoing successes of the Bullwinkle... The gas export 30-inch pipeline ), Hess ( 50 % ) og ExxonMobil ( 22,5 % ), water., you 're always going to add another 60 % on top of that. ”, moored to SCR. 12-In lines were used for oil and gas export 30-inch pipeline spuds, steel pipe that a... Cardamom possible it was the first to float in water this deep, was impossible. 'S decline, or end of life was somewhere around 2015. ” in June 's always a gamble, you. Back to Auger 's Cardamom discovery in limbo spar and mooring contractor in April 2006 began. Viv amplitudes to slow catenary of a record setting platform in 1994, the incident the... Definition a zero bending stiffness and those described with the ideal catenary equations are historically! But reaching Cardamom meant drilling a well like no other on top of that. ” handling facilities proven! Leader in deep-sea drilling and its commitment to the letter ' J ' two killed after at. Aerial view and people working on the platform into the sea floor consists in of... Thought off-shore technology had reached its limit with 'Bullwinkle ' platform in Gulf Mexico... Rock formations or through local obstructions fixed drilling rig Auger began producing energy from a worldwide downturn the,. Catenary have negative submerged weight, and their curvatures 'bulge ' towards the seabed Auger installation 8-12 in! Wa… technology the Enchilada and Salsa platforms were safely shut down this development system FPSO...

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